The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (RRFSO) requires the identified responsible person to undertake all necessary maintenance on the facilities, equipment and devices which have been provided in connection with fire precautions within the building, or parts of the building for which they are responsible. All facilities, equipment and devices must be subject to a suitable system of maintenance, and be maintained in efficient working order, and in good repair. This provision in the order applies to things like fire alarms, emergency lighting and fire extinguishers but also applies to fire doors and emergency exit doors.
A short piece of regulation, The Fire Safety Act 2021 was recently enacted to clarify which parts of buildings that contain two or more domestic dwellings, apartment blocks, are to be covered by the provisions for RRFSO. The new Act extends the reach of the RRFSO in such buildings to the buildings structure, external walls and all common parts, and to all the doors which separate domestic parts of the premises from the common areas.
So the need to maintain fire doors in good working order and repair through a suitable system of maintenance extends to both doors within common areas and doors to domestic areas from the common parts. For most types of buildings regulation does not make specific what the suitable system of maintenance is, however, new legislation which comes into force at the end of January 2023, The Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022, will specify the frequency with which a comprehensive examination of the fire doors should be completed. This new regulation is limited in scope to apartment buildings which are 11 meters or five storeys, and above in height.